Climate Change is one of the biggest threats to mankind today. September 2011 saw many movements across the globe on the climate issue – Al Gore’s Climate Reality project very simple stated, ‘They may have the millions but we have the most important fact – Reality’. Bill Mckibben’s 350.org organised a successful global campaign called ‘Moving Planet’ – Away from fossil fuels and dirty energy which saw the participation of more than 2000 people across the globe. Climate Change is going to hit us all sooner than you think – The message in this movements was that by doing our bit for the environment we achieve staggering results if everyone pitches in.
Today the carbon dioxide ppm levels (parts per million) is 390 plus which is more than the permissible level of 350. As population shoots up year by year, consumption, energy, food, water, raw materials also increases. The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) has estimated that by 2050 there will be approximately 9 billion people on the planet. Our natural resources are already stressed and pushed to the limit, ever wonder what is going to happen by then when more energy is required? The difference in Indian cities can be felt in recent years, an example would be last year’s 2010 which was recorded as the hottest year in the past 100 years.
India is not too far behind; we are the only country in the world to have a ministry for renewable energy. Taking a quick look at India’s response to the climate issue, we find that the country stands in the top 5 in the world in terms of renewable energy capacity: the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission launched in 2009 aims to install 20,000 MW of solar power by 2022. With the country’s abundant supply of sunlight this makes India a ‘sun favoured nation’ and heralds the potential of India as one of emerging renewable energy countries. Wind energy in north west India like Rajasthan and Gujarat is already being harnessed while Biomass and Hydro energy are increasing in importance.